Tagore was born on Tuesday, 7th May 1861 in a wealthy family in Calcutta at the address of 6, Dwarakanath Thakur Lane, Calcutta. He was the ninth son of Debenadranath and Sarada Devi. His grandfather Dwarakanath Tagore was a rich landlord and social reformer. In those days Jorasanko house ( Tagore’s ancestral home) was a center of culture.
Rabindranath Tagore, the Nobel laureate poet, writer, philosopher was the ambassador of Indian culture to the rest of the world. He is probably the most prominent figure in the cultural world of Indian subcontinent and the first Asian to be awarded with the Nobel Prize. Even though he is mainly known as a poet, his multifaceted talent showered upon different branches of art, such as, novels, short stories, dramas, articles, essays, painting etc. And his songs, popularly known as Rabindrasangeet, have an eternal appeal and are permanently placed in the heart of the Bengalis. There are/were millions of Bengalis all over the world who just can’t have enough of them.
He was a writer who has filled up Bengali literature with priceless gems, apart from that he was a renowned painter, composer, social reformer, patriot and above all, a great humanitarian and philosopher. India and Bangladesh – the national anthems of these two countries are taken from his composition.
1n 1921, established Viswabharati University (Better known as Shantiniketan). He gave all his money from Nobel Prize and royalty money from his books to this University. This school/university is an amazing blending of art and contemporary modern studies. It’s still known as one of the most prestigious schools for cultural education.
Tagore passed away on 7th August, 1941 in his ancestral home in Calcutta, the house where he was born.
Source: Internet. Sorry I gave away my history books to someone 😦 so I had to borrow the whole information from internet, word to word, I believe they are accurate.