Nālandā was an ancient center of higher learning in Bihar, India. Its located almost 88 kilometers South East from Patna and was a religious center of learning from 5th centyr to 1197 AD. Nalanda flourished between the reign of a certain Gupta king named Sakraditya to 1197 A.D. supported by the patronage of Gupta kings and emperors of Pala Empire and Harshavardhan. The complex was built with red bricks and its ruins occupy an area of 14 hectares. At its peak, the university attracted scholars and students from as far away as Tibet, China, Greece and Persia. Nalanda was ransacked and destroyed by an army under Bakhtiyar Khilji in 1193. The great library of Nalanda University was so vast that it is reported to have burned for three months after the invaders set fire to it, ransacked and destroyed the monasteries, and drove the monks from the site. In 2006, Singapore, China, India, Japan, and other nations, announced a proposed plan to restore and revive the ancient site as Nalanda International University. Hope they will materialize their plan to reality!
It really hurts to think how greedy mastodons have harmed human civilization so deeply, all over the world, only in one name or other.